Endoscopic injection of bulking agents for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (IPG55)
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on Endoscopic injection of bulking agents for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.
As part of the NICE's work programme, the current guidance was considered for review but did not meet the review criteria as set out in the IP process guide. The guidance below therefore remains current.
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition that can have a significant impact on the quality of life of an individual. It is caused by failure of the sphincter mechanism at the lower end of the oesophagus. Symptoms of GORD can be broadly grouped into those directly related to reflux episodes such as heartburn, regurgitation and waterbrash; and those symptoms caused by complications of reflux disease, including dysphagia and respiratory symptoms.
Drug therapy, combined with lifestyle modifications, is the standard treatment for patients with mild symptomatic GORD. Patients with more severe symptoms or oesophagitis may be treated with more intensive drug therapy and anti-reflux surgery may be needed.
The patient is sedated and given an injection of antibiotics. A needle catheter is then introduced through an endoscope into the gastro-oesophageal junction. This catheter is filled with a bio-compatible polymer and solvent and is used to inject or implant the polymer into the gastro-oesophageal junction. The injection is made along the muscle layer or deep submucosal layer of the cardia. Multiple injection/implants (often four) are performed in a circumferential manner around the oesophagus under fluoroscopic and endoscopic control.
G44.8 Other specified other therapeutic fibreoptic endoscopic operations on upper gastrointestinal tract
Y39.3 Injection of inert substance into organ NOC
Y53.4 Approach to organ under fluoroscopic control
O11.1 Gastro-oesophageal junction
The NHS Classifications Service of NHS Connecting for Health is the central definitive source for clinical coding guidance and determines the coding standards associated with the classifications (OPCS-4 and ICD-10) to be used across the NHS. The NHS Classifications Service and NICE work collaboratively to ensure the most appropriate classification codes are provided. www.connectingforhealth.co.uk/clinicalcoding
- IPG50 Endoscopic injection of bulking agents for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: guidance (web format)
- IPG55 Endoscopic injection of bulking agents for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: guidance
- IPG55 Endoscopic injection of bulking agents for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: understanding NICE guidance
- IPG55 Endoscopic injection of bulking agents for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: distribution list
- Consent - procedures for which the benefits and risks are uncertain
- Interventional procedure consultation document - endoscopic injection of bio-compatible polymer for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
- Overview of endoscopic injection of bulking agents for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
This page was last updated: 07 February 2011
- Web format
- Full Guidance (PDF)
- IPG55 Chwistrelliad endosgopig o gyfryngau chwyddo ar gyfer afiechyd gwrthlif gastro-sefnigol: deall canllawiau NICE
Information for the public
Implementation tools and resources
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The summary of the key recommendations in the guidance written for patients, carers and those with little medical knowledge and may be used in local patient information leaflets.
Quick Reference Guide
The quick reference guide presents recommendations for health professionals
The published NICE clinical guidance, contains the recommendations for health professionals and NHS bodies.
The published full clinical guidance for specialists with background, evidence, recommendations and methods used.